Educators should be teaching students to see the world in a rich panorama not just a viewpoint exposed to them by their family and social circles. Recent focus by the likes of Professor Angie Hobbs (Sheffield University) insists just one lesson per week can benefit children’s intellectual and social development. Philosophy should be a specific focus subject, defined as Philosophy, so there is an emphasis not just a presence via History lessons.
The Philosophy Foundation (UK) has implemented the teaching of Ancient Greek philosophy into primary schools. Focusing on questions such as What makes me, me? What is Time? Does nothing exist? stimulates critical and creative thinking, which are important habits of mind. Having debates around these topics builds bridges of understanding between the diversity of cultures in schools, and can help shield minds against indoctrination and radicalization.
Questioning using Socratic methods are key features in the teaching of Philosophy lessons. A good resource is The Philosophy Shop.
UNESCO advocates the teaching of Philosophy: “By developing the intellectual tools to analyse and understand key concepts such as justice, dignity and freedom, by building capacities for independent thought and judgment, by enhancing the critical skills to understand and question the world and its challenges, and by fostering reflection on values and principles, philosophy is a ‘school of freedom’” (UNESCO intersectoral Strategy on Philosophy 2005)